What you don’t need when you have God.

Imagine if God gave you this task:

You are receiving a message that centers around three main claims: first, that someone defied death and rose from the dead, second, that he is Lord of everyone, and third, that everyone needs to change their lives and adopt a new identity and follow him. You need to get this message out to every culture in the entire world, and get them to believe it, and live according to what it claims. At first it will be dismissed by many people because it seems obscure, irrelevant, or ridiculous. Then, when it actually gains some traction, things will change, and it will be seen as a serious threat to ruling powers and public order. It will almost always be opposed by the rich, powerful, and influential.

A few rules for this mission:

    • No social media. You cannot use Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, or any of the new platforms that will come out in the future. And actually, you may not use the Internet at all. This message will spread completely apart from all that.
    • In fact, we will do this without any recording or broadcasting of audio or video. You will not convert this message to any electronic form at all.
    • Further, you may not use any transportation beyond the horse or sailing ship: no cars, trains, planes, or powered sea vessels. Nothing that moves faster than legs or wind can carry you is eligible to carry this message anywhere. Walking will be your primary mode of travel.
    • You may not use electricity in any form. Nothing that is powered that way will be available for your use: no indoor lighting, no microphones, no sound systems, no computers, no printers, no smart phones, no cell phones, no telephones, no electric guitars. In fact, no modern instruments either. The sound of this movement will be the sound of unamplified human voices alone.
    • You may not use a printing press. Handwritten copies of whatever you want to give away is all that is permissible.
    • Finally, at first, you will not have the New Testament. You will have what the Apostles teach orally and your knowledge of the written Old Testament. You might want to hand write a few copies of that.

I am sure you’re getting the point here. If we imagine this task: “Spread a controversial message, using only your feet and your voice,” I think any one of us would immediately be tempted to say, “That won’t work.”

And yet, of course, this is exactly the situation the first Christians were in, all those years ago (as recorded in the book of Acts.) They labored under every single one of these “limitations.” And so, as we listen to people panic about the possibility that Christians might not have the use of this or that technology at some point in the future, should we be scared? Not at all.

The reason why we can answer this way is found, of course, in the things that the first Christians did have. And the most important, game-changing reality happened to them right away, as recorded in Acts chapter 2. The Holy Spirit Himself came–like the rush of wind and flames of fire–and indwelt them, and empowered them.

And that was all they needed.

The filling of the Holy Spirit, God’s power with them, was more powerful than social media, the internet, all modern communication devices, modern transportation, and electricity itself, combined. Jesus gave them the commission, and sent the Holy Spirit. That was it. Go to the ends of the earth, He said. And they did it. They spread the message around the globe. I am currently writing this at a distance of 5700 miles and two millennia away from where they started out, and their work is still bearing fruit.

Of course, when you stop and think about it, you realize that there were other things they had, too. Important things. They had actual inner healing, a deep sense of fulness, and purpose. They had boldness, and courage. They had hope and joy. They had real relationships (just read the book of Acts ). They had community–where things worked, and people were cared for, and real flesh-and-blood human life could be lived–marriage, family, friends, dinners, prayers, work, mission.

The world outside had no answer for these (very human) realties, let alone the divine power of God. And when all was said and done, it was lacking in exactly the things the Christians had. And the world today is lacking in those same realities. What we have, of family, and purpose, and life, and connection to God, is exactly what they don’t have. Sometimes they feel it, and sometimes they don’t. But they need those things, all the same.

And so, even if everything invented after the year 1000 AD were taken away from the church, that would not hold back God’s power, or stop him from working through us to do what He wants us to do.

We don’t need Twitter. We have God.

Laos Theou, the People of God.

What is the church? Here is an excellent passage from John Webster’s book Holiness:

There is a Church.

Within the ambiguous kingdom of human time and society there exists an assembly, a congregation of men and women who constitute the covenant people and the fellowship of the saints. Their common life is the sign that there is, indeed, a human response to the divine call; to the divine self utterance – ‘I shall be your God’ – there really does correspond a human reality, the gathering of God’s people.

But the existence of such a gathering is wholly astonishing. It is grounded in no human possibility; indeed, from the side of human history it is nothing other than a sheer impossibility, for the commonwealth of human time lies under the sway of sin and alienation, striving with all its might to oppose God and to refuse his call to reconciliation. Apart from God, human history is populated by that bleak, estranged, and ruined company called ‘no people’ (1 Peter 2:10, Hosea 2:23). But ingredient within the gospel confession is the claim that there now exists the extraordinary fact of laos theou, people of God.

There is a form of common human life which can only be described as a holy nation, a people for God’s possession (1 Peter 2:9).

That such a holy people exists and is preserved through time,
that it does not collapse back into alienation and hatred,
that here sin is held in check and not permitted to eat away at human fellowship –
all this lies in the hands of the holy God alone.

So how about it, friends? Let us celebrate and experience and depend on and commit to the wonder and reality of the provision God has made for us in this lost, lost world–the family of God, our people, the Church.

Prayers Instead of Posts

Friends, there is nothing in the Word of God that says you must post a response to every issue that comes up or event that happens. There’s nothing in the Bible that says that you must have every conversation about every hot topic with every friend you have, every time you hang out. I’ve been meaning to share these helpful, timely thoughts since Kevin DeYoung wrote them, back in November. Enjoy:

I don’t know about you, but I’m ready to think about something other than politics, read something other than politics, breathe something other than politics.

Before I go any further, it bears repeating: politics matters. As a pastor, I am eager for Christians to be informed and engaged in politics. In fact, after theology and church history, I probably read more on politics, political history, and political philosophy than anything else. I am not against reading, writing, thinking, and speaking on politics.

And yet, I can’t help but question the wisdom of so many Christians—in particular, Christian leaders whose ministries are ostensibly not about politics—voicing specific opinions, sometimes passionately and sometimes frequently, about every political person, place, and thing. I understand that some Christians do punditry, advocacy, and opinion journalism for a living. I’m not surprised when they comment on political matters or weigh in on the events of the day. That’s what they do, and some of them do it really well, helping Christians think Christianly about what they are hearing and reading in the news.

So, again, I’m not against Christians offering cultural and political analysis. I’m not against discipling Christians to see all of life through the lens of Scripture.

What I am against is the instinct shared by too many Christians, including pastors and leaders, that assumes, “If everyone is talking about it, I should probably say something too.”

I worry that people will not first think of gospel convictions or theological commitments when they hear of our churches and ministries, but they will first think of whether we were for or against a certain candidate.

I am nervous that our lines of Christian fellowship will be drawn not according to Reformational principles of ecclesiology, worship, and theology, but according to current expressions of cultural antipathy and identity politics.

I am concerned that weighing in with strong public comments—from both the left and the right—about everything from voter fraud to judicial philosophy to energy policy to why we should all celebrate (when my candidate wins!) and come together in unity (when your candidate loses!)—does nothing to persuade our foes, but much to alienate our friends.

More than anything else, I fear we are letting the world’s priorities dictate what the church is most passionate about.

This isn’t a blanket denunciation of ever saying anything about political issues or political candidates. I have before and probably will again. But perhaps there are questions we should ask next time before joining the online cacophony.

Am I making it harder for all sorts of people to hear what I have to say about more important matters? Think about it: most of us are annoyed when athletes and movie stars feel the need to enlighten us with their political opinions. At best, we roll our eyes and still watch their movies or their games anyway. At worst, we turn them off for good. People will do the same to us. It’s good to think twice before we cash in our goodwill chips, doubling down for or against a particular candidate.

Is my online persona making it harder for my in-person friends to want to be around me? You may feel like, “I only post a few things each day on social media. There is so much more to my life.” True, but what you post on social media is the only part of your life that most of the world knows and sees. People don’t see your fully formed, full-orbed personality and personal life. They see the fifteen things you posted last week, ten of which had to do with politics, seven of which drove half of your friends absolutely bonkers. At the very least, we should consider if adding this stress to family and friends is really worth it.

Am I speaking on matters upon which I do not have special knowledge and for which no one needs my opinion? If my knowledge about something is limited to the three minutes I’ve been angry, or even the 30 minutes I’ve been surfing online, I probably don’t need to download those thoughts to the world.

Am I animated more by what I am reading in Scripture or by what I am seeing on the news and in social media? I’m convinced one of the biggest ways the world is currently shaping the church is by simply setting the agenda for the church’s concerns. We may think we are transforming the world by offering around-the-clock political commentary, but if all we talk about is what media outlets are already talking about, who is influencing whom?

You may argue in reply, I hear you, but the issues are too important. Christians can’t sit on the sidelines as the world argues about the important issues of our day. Fair enough. But consider: is posting your quick thoughts on the daily news cycle really the best way to make a long-term difference? Why not slow down and read some books and comment on those? Or write something online that goes back to first principles? Or write a book if you have opportunity? Or invest in liberal arts education that draws from the best of our Western tradition? Or simply and gloriously disciple young believers to know their Bibles, bear the fruit of the Spirit, and be committed to their local church?

American culture is incredibly diverse. We don’t all watch the same movies or television shows. We don’t all go to church. We don’t all read the same thing or listen to the same music. The one thing that we can all get into is politics, and that’s not healthy. Politics has become the national pastime that brings us all together, only so it can drive us all apart. The task of the church, in this polarized environment, is to slow down, set our minds on things above, and stick to our own script. To be sure, we should not always be silent. But neither should we be the noisiest people in the room, especially when the room tries to tell us what we should be talking about.

Brothers and sisters, it’s OK to have an unarticulated thought. It’s OK to go about our lives in quiet worship and obedience. It’s OK to do your homework, read your Bible, raise your kids, and make your private thoughts prayers instead of posts. Alison Krauss was right: sometimes you say it best when you say nothing at all.

Martin Luther King and Mountain-Moving Power

While talking with my kids about Martin Luther King Jr. Day today, I ended up looking up the Wikipedia pages about the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and the Civil Rights Movement in general. This is only a Wikipedia article, but the bare reciting of the facts alone is inspirational:

The Civil Rights Movement in the United States was a decades-long struggle by African Americans and their like-minded allies to end institutionalized racial discrimination, disenfranchisement and racial segregation in the United States. The movement has its origins in the Reconstruction era during the late 19th century, although the movement achieved its largest legislative gains in the mid-1960s after years of direct actions and grassroots protests. The social movement’s major nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience campaigns eventually secured new protections in federal law for the human rights of all Americans.

After the American Civil War and the subsequent abolition of slavery in the 1860s, the Reconstruction Amendments to the United States Constitution granted emancipation and constitutional rights of citizenship to all African Americans, most of whom had recently been enslaved. For a short period of time, African American men voted and held political office, but they were increasingly deprived of civil rights, often under the so-called Jim Crow laws, and African Americans were subjected to discrimination and sustained violence by white supremacists in the South. Over the following century, various efforts were made by African Americans to secure their legal and civil rights. In 1954, the separate but equal policy, which aided the enforcement of Jim Crow laws, was substantially weakened and eventually dismantled with the United States Supreme Court’s Brown v. Board of Education ruling and other subsequent rulings which followed. Between 1955 and 1968, nonviolent mass protests and civil disobedience produced crisis situations and productive dialogues between activists and government authorities. Federal, state, and local governments, businesses, and communities often had to immediately respond to these situations, which highlighted the inequities faced by African Americans across the country. The lynching of Chicago teenager Emmett Till in Mississippi, and the outrage generated by seeing how he had been abused when his mother decided to have an open-casket funeral, galvanized the African-American community nationwide. Forms of protest and/or civil disobedience included boycotts, such as the successful Montgomery bus boycott (1955–56) in Alabama, “sit-ins” such as the Greensboro sit-ins (1960) in North Carolina and successful Nashville sit-ins in Tennessee, mass marches, such as the 1963 Children’s Crusade in Birmingham and 1965 Selma to Montgomery marches (1965) in Alabama, and a wide range of other nonviolent activities and resistance.

At the culmination of a legal strategy pursued by African Americans, the U.S. Supreme Court in 1954 under the leadership of Earl Warren struck down many of the laws that had allowed racial segregation and discrimination to be legal in the United States as unconstitutional. The Warren Court made a series of landmark rulings against racist discrimination, such as Brown v. Board of Education (1954), Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. United States (1964), and Loving v. Virginia (1967) which banned segregation in public schools and public accommodations, and struck down all state laws banning interracial marriage. The rulings also played a crucial role in bringing an end to the segregationist Jim Crow laws prevalent in the Southern states. In the 1960s, moderates in the movement worked with the United States Congress to achieve the passage of several significant pieces of federal legislation that overturned discriminatory laws and practices and authorized oversight and enforcement by the federal government. The Civil Rights Act of 1964, which was upheld by the Supreme Court in Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. United States (1964), explicitly banned all discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin in employment practices, ended unequal application of voter registration requirements, and prohibited racial segregation in schools, at the workplace, and in public accommodations. The Voting Rights Act of 1965 restored and protected voting rights for minorities by authorizing federal oversight of registration and elections in areas with historic under-representation of minorities as voters. The Fair Housing Act of 1968 banned discrimination in the sale or rental of housing.

There’s much more of course. But I don’t think you can read even this overview without being impressed by the years-long struggle carried on with strength, endurance, and the kind of powerful humility and single-minded purpose that moves mountains. We all have much to learn from Martin Luther King’s unwavering commitment to pursuing these powerful paths of peace and justice in a uniquely Christian way, especially in the days in which we find ourselves. Happy MLK Day, everyone.

Fear the flame, not the mask. 

Still thinking through what the scriptures say about the fear of death.

Isn’t this passage, from Hebrews Chapter 2, huge and powerful?

But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels, for the suffering of death crowned with glory and honor, that He, by the grace of God, might taste death for everyone….Inasmuch then as the children have partaken of flesh and blood, He Himself likewise shared in the same, that through death He might destroy him who had the power of death, that is, the devil, and release those who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage.

Is the Word of God saying that, after Adam sinned and fell and had to leave the Garden, it would be the normal human experience to live your whole life with the fear of death (at the very least) in the background of everything…that, in fact, it would be a kind of bondage we all experienced? Seems like it.  It is a normal experience today. And, this passage is clear–one of the things Jesus has done is grant those who trust in him deliverance from that all-too-common fear.

Following on the previous post from Alistair Begg, I found this passage in a sermon of John Chrysostom. This is around 1700 years old, which means that Christians have been thinking and talking about this for a very long time:

Permit me, that I now say to you at a fitting time, “Brethren, be not children in understanding; howbeit in malice be ye children.” (1 Corinthians 14:20)

For this is a childish terror of ours, if we fear death, but are not fearful of sin.

Little children too are afraid of masks, but fear not the fire. On the contrary, if they are carried by accident near a lighted candle, they stretch out the hand without any concern towards the candle and the flame; yet a mask which is so utterly contemptible terrifies them; whereas they have no dread of fire, which is really a thing to be afraid of. Just so we too have a fear of death, which is a mask that might well be despised; but have no fear of sin, which is truly dreadful; and, even as fire, devours the conscience!

And this is wont to happen not on account of the nature of the things, but by reason of our own folly; so that if we were once to consider what death is, we should at no time be afraid of it.

What then, I pray you, is death? Just what it is to put off a garment. For the body is about the soul as a garment; and after laying this aside for a short time by means of death, we shall resume it again with the more splendor.

What is death at most? It is a journey for a season; a sleep longer than usual! So that if you fear death, you should also fear sleep! If for those who are dying you are pained, grieve for those too who are eating and drinking, for as this is natural, so is that! Let not natural things sadden you; rather let things which arise from an evil choice make you sorrowful. Sorrow not for the dying man; but sorrow for him who is living in sin!

Notice Chrysostom’s emphasis. He makes a helpful, clarifying comparison by pitting “fear of death” against “fear of sin.” And then, he simply asks, which one do we fear more?  And his illustration is masterful–he asks, when someone fears a scary mask more than a fire, doesn’t it show that they lack a basic understanding of the nature of the world? If Chrysostom is right, than death is only a scary mask, but sin–that’s a deadly flame. Laugh at one. Respect, and fear, and tightly control, the other. Fear sin–not death.

Home groups tonight, everyone. If you haven’t signed up for one, you can sign up here.

What Matters Most

I would say it’s a safe bet to think that issues of health, life, and death, have been “front burner” for most us in the last calendar year. This passage from Alistair Begg’s, book Pray Big: Learn to Pray Like an Apostle offers some great, relevant insight into thinking (and praying) through these issues. He’s discussing Paul’s prayers recorded in his letters to the Ephesian church. Enjoy:

Something Bigger Than Health

The believers in Ephesus were in one sense just like us. They had concerns for food and for clothes and for shelter. They would have thought about and talked about and worried about being married or getting married…being parents or wishing they were parents, or wishing some days they weren’t parents…employment, paying taxes, wealth, health…but there’s no mention of these matters at all in what Paul prays for them.

In fact, praying about health (which, if we had the chance to listen in on the prayers of Western Christians, would likely come in at number one) is rare – almost non-existent – in the Bible. So why are we praying about it so much?

It’s because we don’t want to die.

We want to live. We’ve got a sneaking suspicion that we’ve got now, this side of death, is actually better than what God has for us then, on the other side of death. So we want to hang on to what we’ve got. But instead, we need to believe – really believe – that these things are true:

God, being rich in mercy, because of the great love with which he loved us, even when we were dead in our trespasses, made us alive together with Christ – by grace you have been saved – and raised us up with him and seated us with him in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus, so that in the coming ages he might show the immeasurable riches of his grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus. (Ephesians 2:4-7)

You have now been raise with Christ into the heavenly places. You have been made part of a family that will never come to an end. One day, you will live in a new heaven and new earth. You will see your God face to face and, with a heart no longer burdened and distracted by sin, and a body no longer broken and decaying in frailty, you will praise him.

And you and I just want to pray that we’d stay healthy and live long!? All that matters may be brought before God, but what we bring before God is not always what matters most.

When the eyes of our hearts are opened to our future, it changes our lives now – it reorders our priorities and our prayers. We pray less about the practical details of this life, and first and foremost about the spiritual realities of our eternal life Eternal matters matter more; the concerns of today less. We live out, and we pray based on the truth that “to live is Christ, and to die is gain” (Philippians 1:21)

But, time-bound and fallen creature that I naturally am, I often forget the spiritual and eternal element of reality. That’s why the things that fill my prayers are so regularly absent from Paul’s – and why the things that fill his prayers are so regularly absent from mine. He has his eyes fixed on eternity. His prayers are spiritual. We need to make ours so, too.

Guest Post: We Need a New Song

Friends here’s a timely post from for the (still) New Year from Tony Defranco:

We Need a New Song: A Mediation on Psalm 96

It is an undisputed fact that songs are one of the most powerful mediums to communicate a message. Whether it’s communicating a protest of something you won’t stand for, a familiar emotion in a lyric, or just something you turn up with the windows down to blow off steam, songs are what people go to in order to find an expression of how they feel. Even in 2020, with no concerts for most of the year, and artists mostly in quarantine for nearly 9 months, songwriting did not suffer. In a recent article, actually attributed our global shutdown as a benefit to Taylor Swift. She wrote, recorded, and released one of the biggest albums of the year during the shutdown and got it out less than a year after her last one. They go on to say that platforms like TikTok gave rise to unknown artists, making them overnight success stories in the midst of a year where most other people were navigating great loss. How does that happen? The article states, “if you thought TikTok was influential before, that of course proved to be a gentle nudge compared to the full-body impact it flexed once the youth of America had less reason than ever not to spend all day on their phones.”

Think on that. In the middle of an incredibly trying year the “youth of America” turned to TikTok to shop for various expressions of how they felt. They discovered new content, aligned themselves with what resonated most, and started singing those songs. When things got difficult, when anxiety hit all-time highs, when forced into isolation, people turned to songs in order to find a voice that communicated how we felt. Songs are powerful.

Heading into 2021 I found myself mediating on Psalm 96:1 which says, Oh sing to the LORD a new song; sing to the LORD, all the earth!

It became very clear to me that throughout 2020 we all aligned ourselves with a “song.” What was the message you rallied behind last year? What was the expression you felt most unified with? What did you sing over the year in conversation, on social media, at work, with friends and family, amongst your church community, or to God in prayer? If we meditate for a few moments I am sure we could identify what we unified under and sang out from our bedrooms in isolation. Was it edifying? Did your “song” build you and others up in your walks with Jesus? Did it express how satisfied you are in God’s glory in the midst of hardship and trial?

Maybe you realize you picked a “song” from the top 100 of 2020. The song of Trump or Biden. The song of masks or no masks. The song of the America of old, or of the “new normal.” The song of love your neighbor, or one of hyper-individualism—I do what I want how I want when I want. The song of “Christians should gather,” or “it’s too dangerous right now for that.” I’ll be honest, I definitely had my fair share of switching my “tune” all throughout 2020. Maybe you can relate. However, at the turn of our new year, I believe the Spirit is saying to us, “2021 needs a new song.”  The “songs” that have been available to us throughout this last year simply won’t do in 2021 (as if they accomplished anything in 2020).

You see, songs throughout history have typically been a unifying expression of society and culture, but the “songs” available to us now are designed to divide humanity and create sides that war against one another. 

We need a new song. 

We need a song that is foreign to 2020, one that will “bless” God’s “name” and “tell of His salvation from day to day.” (Psalm 96:2). I didn’t hear that much last year. It’s time we sing it loud.

We have to completely abandon all other melodies being sung today. 

Identifying with a message to the extent that it is an expression of our lives is an act of worship. Singing, in any form, is worship. We all worship, and there is a “god” behind every song. Psalm 96:4 tells us God is “to be feared above all gods.” We show that reverence to God by removing the expression of every other god out of our lives.

I would encourage you to read Psalm 96 and list all the “new songs” you find available in the passage. Write them down and sing them every chance you get. Who knows, maybe we can unify a generation this year, instead of dividing it.

Making New Year’s Resolutions?

Friends, can you believe we’re staring down the barrel of another new year? A lot of us have thrown shade at 2020, I know. But the truth is, in some way, nothing’s changing as we head into 2021…except what we make of the time God gives us, and what God Himself decides to do in 2021. And I think that those two thoughts should probably keep us from any discouragement or exhaustion that we might be tempted to descend into. Along those lines, I found this, which I originally wrote 10 years ago, and posted for the high school youth group at that time, the last time we were wrapping up a decade. Enjoy:

Since this is the last day of 2010, it’s a great time to stop and think about the lives God gave us to live. One interesting fact about these lives is that God has given us time markers that divide them up into many smaller units of different sizes. Is there a clock ticking nearby you? Every tick is a fresh second to live. Everyday you fall asleep when it gets dark (the earth spins one more time). A month is ending in a few hours (another trip around for the moon).

Why did God do it this way? Maybe because He knew we would tend to just barrel on through life without realizing how much of it was passing and how we were spending it. So He gave us all these markers to remind us that we were in fact moving forward, even if we forget it. So when we hit a new year, we should take it as a signpost on the road of life. Maybe throw some questions at yourself, like: What does God see when He looks at my 2010? Should I continue on the same course in 2011? Are there any adjustments the Holy Spirit would have me make? Did I mean to live 2010 the way I did, or did I plan to do things differently?

And while you’re thinking over your own life, it may help you to read the thoughts of another young person. Jonathan Edwards was a Pastor in New England in the 1700s, born in 1703. On December 18, 1722 (when He was 19) he sat down and wrote 21 resolutions. But they weren’t new year’s resolutions; they were life resolutions. He wanted to set out the principles he would live by. As the days went by he kept adding to the list until he had 70. Many of them have all kinds of things to teach us about what it means to live a biblical and God-pleasing life… Here are the first few, with his introduction:

“Being sensible that I am unable to do any thing without God’s help, I do humbly entreat him, by his grace, to enable me to keep these Resolutions, so far as they are agreeable to his will, for Christ’s sake. Remember to read over these Resolutions once a week.

1. Resolved, That I will do whatsoever I think to be most to the glory of God, and my own good, profit, and pleasure, in the whole of my duration [that is, his whole life]; without any consideration of the time, whether now, or never so many myriads of ages hence. Resolved, to do whatever I think to be my duty, and most for the good and advantage of mankind in general. Resolved, so to do, whatever difficulties I meet with, how many soever, and how great soever.

4. Resolved, Never to do any manner of thing, whether in soul or body, less or more, but what tends to the glory of God, nor be, nor suffer it, if I can possibly avoid it.

5. Resolved, Never to lose one moment of time, but to improve it in the most profitable way I possibly can.

6. Resolved, To live with all my might, while I do live.

7. Resolved, Never to do any thing, which I should be afraid to do if it were the last hour of my life.

14. Resolved, Never to do any thing out of revenge.

16. Resolved, Never to speak evil of any one, so that it shall tend to his dishonor, more or less, upon no account except for some real good.

17. Resolved, That I will live so, as I shall wish I had done when I come to die. [This is amazing… think about what this means…]

18. Resolved, To live so, at all times, as I think is best in my most devout frames, and when I have the clearest notions of the things of the gospel, and another world. [In other words, he wants to always live like he wishes he lived when he was at his “spiritual peaks.”]

19. Resolved, Never to do any thing, which I should be afraid to do, if I expected it would not be above an hour before I should hear the last trump.

21. Resolved, Never to do any thing, which if I should see in another, I should count a just occasion to despise him for, or to think any way the more meanly of him.

22. Resolved, To endeavor to obtain for myself as much happiness in the other world as I possibly can, with all the power, might, vigor, and vehemence, yea violence, I am capable of, or can bring myself to exert, in any way that can be thought of.

“I never made a sacrifice.”

John Piper writes this, about David Livingstone:

David Livingstone was born March 19, 1813. He gave his life to serve Christ in the exploration of Africa for the sake of creating access to the gospel. He was the first European to cross the width of Africa, and the first to set his eyes on Victoria Falls, which he named after his queen. He also laid his eyes on the horrors of the East African slave trade, and devoted himself with passion as an abolitionist.

Many doubted Livingstone’s sincerity as a missionary, since he spent so much of his time exploring. But his own perspective was clear: “As for me, I am determined to open up Africa or perish.” He said, “The end of the exploration is the beginning of the enterprise.”

A year before he died in 1873, he wrote in his journal on his 59th birthday, “My birthday! My Jesus, my King, my Life, my All. I again dedicate my whole self to Thee.”

Here is what he said to the Cambridge students, on December 4, 1857, about what it had meant for him to leave his homeland of England:

For my own part, I have never ceased to rejoice that God has appointed me to such an office.

People talk of the sacrifice I have made in spending so much of my life in Africa. . . . Is that a sacrifice which brings its own blest reward in healthful activity, the consciousness of doing good, peace of mind, and a bright hope of a glorious destiny hereafter?

Away with the word in such a view, and with such a thought! It is emphatically no sacrifice.

Say rather it is a privilege. Anxiety, sickness, suffering, or danger, now and then, with a foregoing of the common conveniences and charities of this life, may make us pause, and cause the spirit to waver, and the soul to sink; but let this only be for a moment. All these are nothing when compared with the glory which shall be revealed in and for us.

I never made a sacrifice.

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